What do Shaolin monks believe in?

Shaolin kung fu practitioners, Shaolin monks, are also regarded as some of the most committed warriors. However, Shaolin kung fu is much more than a martial art. It is part of a complete spirituality that is based on Buddhism. The main pillars of Shaolin culture are Chan Buddhism (Chan), martial arts (w), Buddhist art (yì) and traditional Chinese medicine (yī).

This Shaolin cultural heritage, which continues to constitute the daily life of the temple, is representative of Chinese civilization and appreciated internationally. A large number of celebrities, political figures, eminent monks, Buddhist disciples and many others come to the temple to visit it, make pilgrimages and cultural exchanges. In addition, due to the work of Shaolin's official cultural centers abroad and foreign disciples, Shaolin culture spreads throughout the world as a distinctive symbol of Chinese culture and an important medium of foreign cultural exchange. Information about the first century of the Northern Song dynasty is very scarce.

The rulers of Song supported the development of Buddhism, and Chan established himself as dominant over other Buddhist schools. Around 1093, Master Chan Baoen (Bào'ēn) promoted the Caodong School in the Shaolin temple and achieved what is known in Buddhist history as the “revolutionary turn in Chan”. This means that the Shaolin Temple officially became a Chan Buddhist temple, while until that time it was a Lzōng temple specialized in Vinaya with a Chan hall. Japan's activities in Manchuria in the early 1930s were of great concern to the National Government.

Then, the military launched a strong patriotic movement to defend the country and resist the enemy. The Nanjing Central Martial Arts Center and the Wushu Institute, along with other martial arts institutions, were established throughout the country as part of this movement. The government also organized martial arts events such as “Martial arts return to Shaolin. This particular event served to encourage people to remember the importance of patriotism by celebrating the contribution of Shaolin martial arts to the defense of the country from foreign invasion on numerous occasions throughout history.

To paraphrase a famous logical example, all Shaolin monks are Buddhist monks, but not all Buddhist monks are Shaolin monks. Shaolin monks are warrior monks who live in Shaolin Monastery in Henan Province, China. They are monks who fight against kung fu whose discipline has its roots in the Mahayana Buddhist tradition. Shaolin monks can perform incredible feats of mental and physical prowess that seem impossible.

They are kept in precarious balance for hours in a crouching position on wooden poles buried in the ground. They hit each other's heads to harden their skulls and repeatedly hit glasses of water and other objects to develop the strength of the palm of their hands. They go up and down stone stairs on all fours without getting tired. They hang upside down and stand on the head for long periods of time.

Shaolin monks believe that this meditation is the cornerstone of their abilities. They say that after a long time of practice, you realize everything that is happening around you and can react extremely quickly. But for this, there's something else you have to do. Shaolin monks are Chinese Buddhists who practice Shaolin kung fu in the temple.

Renowned for their martial arts skills, monks follow a celibate and deeply religious lifestyle that includes a vegetarian diet, often referred to as the Shaolin Temple diet. The abbot of the Shaolin Temple, Xueting Fuyu (Xuětíng Fúyù, 1203—127), unified the five schools and established the Caodong School of the South Branch in the Temple. At the beginning of the 21st century, Shaolin is considered one of the most famous temples in the world (“Tiānxià dì yī mingchà). Shaolin culture has its roots in Mahayana Buddhism, while the practice of chan is its core and, finally, martial arts, traditional medicine and art are its manifestations.

In the third year of the Xiaochang era (52) of Emperor Xiaoming of the Northern Wei dynasty, Bodhidharma, the 28th patriarch of Mahayana Buddhism in India, arrived at Shaolin Temple. Few records of Shaolin's fate during this period survive, but it is known that in 1125, a shrine for the Bodhidharma was built, half a mile from Shaolin. Shaolin slowly recovered from being fired, and in 1704, Emperor Kangxi made a gift of his own calligraphy to signal the return of the temple to imperial favor. Shaolin has been developing activities related to the international promotion of its cultural heritage.

At the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, Emperor Shizu, also known as Kublai Khan, placed the monk Xueting Fuyu (, 1203—127) as Abbot of Shaolin and in charge of all the temples in the Mount Song area. Despite their previous help, Shaolin and other Buddhist temples in China faced numerous purges and in 622 Shaolin was closed and the monks forcibly returned to the lives of laity. They retain the status of a monk who does not live in the temple, but it is rather an honorary title. The flames partially damaged the “Shaolin Monastery Stele” (which recorded the politically astute election made by other Shaolin clerics a thousand five hundred years earlier), the Dharma Hall, the Heavenly King's Hall, the Mahavira Hall, the Bell Tower, the Drum Tower, the Hall of the Sixth Ancestor, the Chan Hall and other buildings, causing the death of several monks who were in the Temple.

UNESCO reviewed and approved 8 sites and 11 architectural complexes, including the Shaolin Residents Hall, Pagoda Forest and Chuzu Temple as a World Cultural Heritage Site. During the Cultural Revolution in the People's Republic of China, the monks of the Shaolin Temple were forced to return to secular life, Buddha statues were destroyed, and temple properties were invaded. The visits of Lien Chan and Wu Boxiong, former President of the International Olympic Committee Roger and others have demonstrated the importance of the Shaolin Temple. .

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