Are Shaolin monks Tibetan?

Shaolin monks are a type of Chinese Buddhist monk. They are monks who live in the Shaolin Monastery and practice martial arts as a meditation technique and form of exercise. To paraphrase a famous logical example, all Shaolin monks are Buddhist monks, but not all Buddhist monks are Shaolin monks. Shaolin monks are warrior monks who live in Shaolin Monastery in Henan Province, China.

They are monks who fight against kung fu whose discipline has its roots in the Mahayana Buddhist tradition. The Shaolin Monastery (Shàolínsì), also known as Shaolin Temple, is a famous temple recognized as the birthplace of Chan Buddhism and the cradle of Shaolin Kung Fu. It is located at the foot of the Wuru peak of the Songshan Mountain Range in Dengfeng County, Henan Province, China. The name reflects its location in the ancient grove (lin) of Mount Shaoshi, in the interior of the Songshan Mountains.

Mount Song occupied a prominent position among the Chinese sacred mountains as early as the 1st century BC. C., when one of the Five Sacred Peaks (wyuè) was proclaimed. It is located about thirty miles southeast of Luoyang, the former capital of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-53), and forty-five miles southwest of Zhengzhou, the modern capital of Henan Province. As the first abbot of Shaolin, Batuo dedicated himself to translating Buddhist scriptures and preaching doctrines to hundreds of his followers.

In 527, Bodhidharma, the 28th patriarch of Mahayana Buddhism in India, arrived at the Shaolin Temple. Bodhidharma spent nine years meditating in a cave in Wuru Peak and started the Chinese Chan tradition at Shaolin Temple. From then on, Bodhidharma was honored as the first patriarch of Chan Buddhism. The historical architectural ensemble of the Temple, which stands out for its great aesthetic value and its profound cultural connotations, has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

In addition to its contribution to the development of Chinese Buddhism, as well as its historical, cultural and artistic heritage, the temple is famous for its martial arts tradition. Shaolin monks have dedicated themselves to the research, creation and continuous development and improvement of Shaolin Kung-Fu. At the beginning of the 21st century, Shaolin is considered one of the most famous temples in the world (“Tiānxià dì yī mingchà). The main pillars of Shaolin culture are Chan Buddhism (Chan), martial arts (w), Buddhist art (yì) and traditional Chinese medicine (yī).

This Shaolin cultural heritage, which continues to constitute the daily life of the temple, is representative of Chinese civilization and appreciated internationally. A large number of celebrities, political figures, eminent monks, Buddhist disciples and many others come to the temple to visit it, make pilgrimages and cultural exchanges. In addition, due to the work of Shaolin's official cultural centers abroad and foreign disciples, Shaolin culture spreads throughout the world as a distinctive symbol of Chinese culture and an important medium of foreign cultural exchange. Using the teachings of Batuo and his disciples as a basis, Bodhidharma introduced Chan Buddhism, and the Shaolin temple community gradually grew to become the center of Chinese Chan Buddhism.

The teaching of Bodhidharma was passed on to his disciple Huike, for whom legend says that he cut off his arm to show his determination and devotion to the teachings of his teacher. Huike was forced to leave the Temple during the persecution of Buddhism and Taoism (574-580) by Emperor Wu of the Northern Zhou dynasty. In 580, Emperor Jing of the Northern Zhou dynasty restored the temple and renamed it Zhi'ao Temple (Zhù sì). Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty (; July 21, 541 — August 13, 60), who was a Buddhist, returned the original name of the temple and offered his community 100 hectares of land.

Shaolin thus became a great temple with hundreds of hectares of fertile land and large estates. Once again, it was the center of Chan Buddhism, with eminent monks from all over China coming to the Temple regularly. With the establishment of the Ming dynasty in the mid-14th century, Shaolin recovered and a large part of the monastic community that fled during the Red Turban attacks returned. In the early Ming Dynasty, the government did not advocate martial arts.

During the Jiajing period (Jiājìng, 1522-1556 of Ming Emperor Zhu Houcong (zhūhòucōng), Japanese pirates harassed China's coastal areas, and generals Yu Dayou and Qi Jiguang led their troops against the pirates. While in Fujian, Qi Jiguang summoned martial artists from all over China, including local Shaolin monks, to develop a set of boxing and anti-personnel techniques to be used against Japanese pirates. Due to the merits of the monks in the fight against the Japanese, the government renewed the Temple on a large scale, and Shaolin enjoyed certain privileges, such as the exemption from food taxes, granted by the government. Since then, Shaolin monks have been recruited by the Ming government at least six times to participate in wars.

Because of its outstanding contribution to Chinese military success, the imperial court built monuments and buildings for the Shaolin Temple on numerous occasions. This also contributed to the establishment of the legitimacy of shaolin kung fu in the national martial arts community. During the Ming Dynasty (mid-16th century), Shaolin reached its peak and maintained its position as the central place of the Caodong School of Chan Buddhism. In the early days of the Republic of China, the Shaolin Temple was repeatedly hit by wars.

In 1912, the monk Yunsong Henglin of the Dengfeng County Monks Association, was elected by the local government as head of the Shaolin Militia (Shaolin Guard Corps). He organized the guards and trained them in combat skills to maintain local order. In the autumn of 1920, famine and drought hit Henan province, causing thieves to spread throughout the area and endanger the local community. Henglin led the militia to fight bandits on different occasions, allowing dozens of villages around the Temple to live and work in peace.

In the late 1920s, Shaolin monks became involved in warlord disputes that swept the plains of northern China. They sided with General Fan Zhongxiu (1888-1930) against Shi Yousan (1891-1940). The monks sided with Fan, who had studied martial arts at Shaolin Temple as a child. Fan was defeated, and in the spring of 1928, Yousan's troops entered the temple of Dengfeng and Shaolin, which served as the headquarters of Fan Zongxiu.

On March 15, Shi Yousan's subordinate, Feng Yuxiang, set fire to the monastery, destroying some of its ancient towers and halls. The flames partially damaged the “Shaolin Monastery Stele” (which recorded the politically astute election made by other Shaolin clerics 1,500 years earlier), the Dharma Hall, the Heavenly King's Hall, the Mahavira Hall, the Bell Tower, the Drum Tower, the Sixth Ancestor Hall, the Chan Hall and other buildings, causing the death of several monks who were in the Temple. The fire destroyed a large number of cultural relics and 5480 volumes of Buddhist scriptures. The establishment of the Contemporary Temple offers all interested individuals and groups, regardless of cultural, social and religious values, the opportunity to experience Shaolin culture through the Shaolin cultural exchange program.

This program offers an introduction to Chan meditation, Shaolin Kung Fu, Chan medicine, calligraphy, art, archery, etc. The practice of Chan is supposed to help the individual achieve the calm and patience necessary to live optimistically, meaningfully, wisely and with compassion. The ways of practicing Chan are numerous and range from everyday activities (for example,. Eating, drinking, walking or sleeping) to specialized practices such as meditation, martial arts, and calligraphy.

Shaolin kung fu manifests itself through a system of different abilities that are based on attack and defense movements with the form (tàolù) as a unit. A shape is a combination of different movements. The structure of movements is based on ancient Chinese medical knowledge, which is compatible with the laws of body movement. Within the Temple, forms are taught with a focus on integrating the principles of complementarity and opposition.

This means that Shaolin Kung Fu integrates dynamic and static components, yin and yang, hardness and softness, etc. Shaolin monks can perform incredible feats of mental and physical prowess that seem impossible. They are kept in precarious balance for hours in a crouching position on wooden poles buried in the ground. They hit each other's heads to harden their skulls and repeatedly hit glasses of water and other objects to develop the strength of the palm of their hands.

They go up and down stone stairs on all fours without getting tired. They hang upside down and stand on the head for long periods of time. The style of Buddhism practiced in the Shaolin temple is a type of Chan Buddhism. Chan Buddhism evolved from Mahayana Buddhism, which traveled along the Silk Road.

Although there are Chinese martial arts, earlier kung fu (such as jiao di), it is believed that kung fu originated outside of China. Several historical records and legends suggest that it originated in martial arts in India sometime in the first millennium AD, although its exact path is unknown. Two words with a lot of weight. The phrase immediately evokes images of bald monks in orange robes, superhuman Shaolin martial arts and Buddhist isolation.

That is quite unique, as far as multi-billion dollar companies per year are concerned. The works published by Abbot Shi Yongxin in recent years include texts from the series of magazines Dew of Chan and books My Heart My Buddha, Shaolin Temple in My Heart (Chinese and English version), etc. He also introduced the generational lineage system of Shaolin disciples through a 70-character poem, each online character corresponding to the name of the next generation of disciples. With the arrival of communism and Marxist atheistic doctrine in China, the rest of the monks were imprisoned and the texts destroyed.

In the 15th year of his rule (1750), Emperor Qianlong personally visited the Shaolin Temple, stayed in the abbot's room overnight and wrote poems and inscriptions on tablets. In contrast, adventure tourists who come to Shaolin Temple for training usually practice in a decorative ceremonial training room, where they receive a few hours of classes every day on a kung fu compliance conveyor belt. The following year, the monarch provided funds to the Indian-born monk Batuo to establish the Shaolin Temple. After receiving his precepts at Puzhao Temple in Jianxi Province in 1984, he returned to Shaolin Temple.

Sometimes, in order to maintain a home and avoid the division of property, a younger son is sent to the monastery to become a monk, which is tantamount to converting a younger son without property in England, and when the younger brother reaches adulthood, he shares his older brother's wife. He continued to serve his Master Xingzheng and was also a member of the newly established Committee on Democratic Management of the Shaolin Temple. Emperor Gaozong and Empress Wu Zetian of the Tang dynasty often visited Shaolin Temple in search of good luck and made large donations. Inside the monastery or residence and when you have an audience with an older monk, a simpler style is adopted (as a gesture of respect and to facilitate work).

The proximity of the Shaolin Monastery to the capital and its location in one of the places of pilgrimage that even the emperor frequented, may have contributed to its future role and significance. . .

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